The art of stained glass windows: “Where light makes wonders”

By 21 February, 2017Objects in focus

If we walk through along Amsterdam Avenue in New York, in the middle of Manhattan, we will see the parish of Saint Michael, built in the 19th century, in Romanesque-Byzantine style. Inside, we will find the famous work of the American painter and designer Louis Comfort Tiffany. It is a composition of seven stained glass windows made using the trichrome technique, which consists of the superposition of glass plates combining the three primary colors (cyan, yellow and magenta) to obtain a wide color gamma.

Antoni Gaudí, considered as a master of light, found the magic recipe in the trichrome to provide more stained glass and transparency, he believed that the enamel that was being used gave the glass too much opacity.

This innovative technique, but at the same time expensive, was reflected in the construction of the eight stained glass windows of the Cathedral of Mallorca, together with the rosette for the Royal Chapel. Once again, the modernist genius knew how to go further and bet for a risky, but most valuable work. He affirmed that the stained glass windows “transform the walls of the temple into a luminous palpitation, in the same way as if the light, as the water on the stone, had drilled the thickness of the wall in a slow and polyform erosion”.