In 1900, Eusebi Güell bought fifteen hectares of land on the North West of Barcelona: he wanted to turn it into a private residential complex. Antoni Gaudí was the architect in charge of shaping the project that was meant to involve a small earthly paradise for the bourgeois of Barcelona.
Sixty was the number of gardened plots that had to dominate the city and the Mediterranean Sea. The houses would be staggered and facing South, with the goal of maintaining the privileged view as the place’s main attraction. The project’s name: Park Güell.
Inspired by the English concept of garden-cities, Gaudí did not miss the opportunity, as was usual in his work, of creating an integrated space within its natural environment. Through volume, materials and ideas, he paid homage to light, colours, shapes and the values of Mediterranean culture. As for the use of the residential area, its planning involved common zones for commercial purposes, as well as for entertainment and spiritual ones.